Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino psychology):
A heritage of Virgilio G. Enriquez*
The University or college of NewSouthWales
University of the Philippines
Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino psychology) identifies the mindset born out of your experience, believed and orientation of the Filipinos, based on the entire use of Filipino culture and language. The approach is one of вЂвЂindigenization from within'' whereby the theoretical construction and method emerge from the experiences of the people from the local culture. It truly is based on evaluating historical and socio-cultural facts, understanding the neighborhood language, unravelling Filipino qualities, and detailing them throughout the eyes with the native Philippine. Among the effects are: a body expertise including indigenous concepts, development of indigenous research methods and indigenous character testing, fresh directions in teaching mindset, and a working participation in organisations between Filipino specialists and sociable scientists, in the Korea and abroad.
The origins of Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino psychology)
From the beginning of the times when the Thailand was colonized by Italy, and then the USA, academic psychology, or the mindset taught in schools, was predominantly European in theory in addition to methodology. A large number of Filipino intellectuals, notably the 2 Philippine heroes Jose Rizal and Apolinario Mabini, portrayed dissatisfaction at the pejorative interpretations of Filipino behavior by simply Western observers. This disenchantment continued while Filipinos struggled to assert their very own national and cultural personality. In the 1960s, various Filipino intellectuals and scholars were already very sensitive both towards the inadequacy plus the unfairness from the Western-oriented ways to psychology. For example, in the area of personality, the Traditional western approach in research of not being enmeshed and destined by the lifestyle being examined has resulted in a characterization of the Filipino from the вЂвЂjudgmental and impressionistic point of view with the colonizers'' (Enriquez, 1992, s. 57). For example , the proneness to indirectness of Filipino communication was regarded as getting dishonest and socially ingratiating and highlighting a misleading verbal information of actuality (Lawless, 69, cited in Enriquez, 1992) rather than a matter for the good feelings of others. (There are many various other examples which are discussed further more in this article. ) Thus, using American classes and criteria, вЂвЂthe local Filipino usually suffers from the comparison in not also subtle tries to put forward Western tendencies patterns because models pertaining to the Philippine (Enriquez, 1992, p. 57). However , there were no determined effort in the 1960s to deny and correct the traditional way of educating and learning psychology. It was in the early 1970s that the was initiated when Virgilio Gaspar Enriquez returned to the Philippines coming from Northwestern University, USA which has a Ph. D. in Social Psychology and lost little time in introducing the concept of Sikolohiyang Pilipino (Filipino Psychology). Together with then-chairman from the Department of Psychology with the University with the Philippines (U. P. ), Dr . Alfredo V. Lagmay, Enriquez embarked on a research into the historical and cultural origins of Philippine Psychology. Subsequently, the research included identifying native concepts and approaches in Philippine mindset and expanding creativity and inventiveness between Filipinos. From these researches, a two-volume bibliography on Filipino psychology and a locally created personality check, Panukat ng Ugali by Pagkatao (Measure of Character and Personality), were developed. In 1975, Enriquez chaired the Unang Pambansang Kumperensya sa Sikolohiyang Pilipino (First National Convention on Philippine Psychology) which has been held on the Abelardo Auditorium at U. P. From this conference, the ideas, concepts, and formulations of Sikolohiyang Pilipino were formally...